Malaysia has over 742 species of birds, totaling about 7% of the world’s population. Approximately 63 of these species are endemic to Malaysia. These unique species are amongst many more that require attention and protection from extinction. Loss of habitat remains the main concern for birds in Malaysia to flourish or exist in the jungles for the next generation.
The Wreathed Hornbill is a colourful species of hornbill found in forests from far north-eastern India and Bhutan, east and south through mainland Southeast Asia and the Greater Sunda. It is about 70 to 100cm in size, with both sexes looking almost alike. These birds prefer broad-leaf evergreen mixed deciduous forests and forest on islands and are found at a maximum elevation of about 1,800 metres.
The Plain-pouched Hornbill has a rather black body and a pouch without any visible marking, hence the name “plain-pouched”. The females have a blue pouch while the males have a yellow pouch. Overall, the Plain-pouched Hornbill closely resembles the Wreathed Hornbill except for the lack of corrugations on its beak and the lack of any visible marking on its pouch. They are found at deciduous, dry and humid evergreen forests, mainly in the lowlands and even hills to about 1,000 m elevations. It has a varied diet, mainly comprising of fruits, but also invertebrates and small vertebrates. Plain-pouched Hornbills can be found in the area between south-east Myanmar to northern Peninsular Malaysia. The Plain-pouched Hornbill is classified as Vulnerable.